November 2, 2015 radio interview with Ann Fisher on WOSU (89.7 FM) discussing Professor Steven Reiss's new book, The 16 Strivings for God: The New Psychology of Religious Experiences. Click here to listen.


Professor Steven Reiss reviews the new scientific methodology he used to discover what makes people tick. Click here to view.

Professor Steven Reiss explains in detail each of the 16 basic desires of human nature. Click here to view.

Professor Reiss discusses what motivates spirituality and why some people find meaning in religion. Click here to view.

Professor Steven Reiss's address, "Three Pillars of the Reiss Profile®," presented to the World Society of Motivation Scientists and Professionals, October 5, 2011 in Vienna, Austria. Click here to view.

Scientific Articles You Can Download

Froiland, J. M., Mayor, P., & Herlevi, M. (2015). Motives emanating from personality associated with achievement in a Finnish senior high school: Physical activity, curiosity, and family motives. School Psychology International. (Click here to download.)

Havercamp, S. M., & Reiss, S. (2003). A comprehensive assessment of human strivings: Test-retest reliability and validity of the Reiss Profile. Journal of Personality Assessment, 81, 123-132. (Click here to download.)

Reiss, S. (2009). Six motivational reasons for low school achievement. Child and Youth Care Forum, 38, 219-225. (Click here to download.)

Reiss, S. (2004). Multifaceted nature of intrinsic motivation: The theory of 16 basic desires. Review of General Psychology, 8, 179-193. (Click here to download.)

Reiss, S., Wiltz, J., & Sherman, M. (2001). Trait motivational correlates of athleticism. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 1139-1145. (Click here to download.)

Other Scholarly Articles

Engel, G., Olson, K.R., & Patrick, C. (2002). The personality of love: Fundamental motives and traits related to components of love. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 839-853.

Froiland, J.M. (2011). Parental autonomy support and student learning goals: A preliminary examination of an intrinsic motivation intervention. Child and Youth Care Forum, 40, 135-149.

Mengel, T. (2012). High potential can be deceiving - Utilizing the Reiss Motivation Profile® in HR and leadership development. FMI Journal, 10-12.

Mengel, T. (2012). Leading with "emotional" intelligence - Existential and motivational analysis in leadership and leadership development. Journal on Educational Psychology, 5, 17-25.

Olson, K. R. (2007).  Research on fundamental motives. In L. Brown (Ed.), Psychology of Motivation. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 1-3.

Olson, K.R., & Chapin, B. (2007). Relations of fundamental motives and psychological needs to well-being and intrinsic motivation. In P. Zelick (Ed.), Issues in the Psychology of Motivation. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 232-243. 

Olson, K.R., & Weber, D. (2004). Relations between Big Five traits and fundamental motives. Psychological Reports, 97, 795-802.

Reiss, S. (2005). Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation at 30: Unresolved scientific issues. Behavior Analyst, 28, 1-14.

Reiss, S. (2004). The 16 strivings for God. Zygon, 39, 303-320.

Reiss, S. (2000). Why people turn to religion: A motivational analysis. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 39, 47-52.

Reiss, S., & Havercamp, S. M. (2005). Motivation in development context: A new method of studying self-actualization. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 45, 41-53.

Reiss, S., & Havercamp, S. M. (1998). Toward a comprehensive assessment of fundamental motivation. Psychological Assessment, 10, 97-106.

Reiss, S., & McNally, R.J. (1985). Expectancy model of fear. In S. Reiss and R.R. Bootzin (Eds.), Theoretical Issues in Behavior Therapy. New York: Academic Press, 107-121.

Reiss, S., Peterson, R.A., Gursky, D.M., & McNally, R.J. (1986). Anxiety sensitivity, anxiety frequency, and the prediction of fearfulness. Behavior Research and Therapy, 24, 1-8.

Reiss, S., & Reiss, M. (2004) Curiosity and mental retardation: Beyond IQ. Mental Retardation, 42, 77-81.

Reiss, S., & Sushinsky, L.W. (1975). Overjustification, competing responses, and the acquisition of intrinsic interest. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 1116-1125.

Reiss, S., & Wiltz, J. (2004). Why people watch reality TV. Media Psychology, 6, 363-378.

Wiltz, J., & Reiss, S. (2003). Compatibility of housemates with mental retardation. American Journal of Mental Retardation, 108, 173-180.


Reiss, S. (2015). The 16 Strivings for God: The New Psychology of Religious Experiences. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press. (Click here for ordering information)

Reiss, S. (2013). The Reiss Motivation Profile: What Motivates You? Worthington, OH: IDS Publishing Corporation. (Available from

Reiss, S. (2013). Myths of Intrinsic Motivation. Worthington, OH: IDS Publishing Corporation. (Available from

Reiss, S. (2010). Human Needs and Intellectual Disabilities: Applications for Person Centered Planning, Dual Diagnosis, and Crisis Intervention. Kingston, NY: NADD. (Available from

Reiss, S. (2008). The Normal Personality: A New Way of Thinking about People. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Available from

Reiss, S. (2000). Who Am I? The 16 Basic Desires That Motivate Our Actions and Define Our Personalities. New York: Tarcher/Putnam. (Available from

Finnish-Language Book

Mayor, P., & Risku, M. (2015). Opas Yksilolliseen Motivointiin: 16 Perustarvetta Johtamisen Apuna. Helsinki, Finland: Talentum.

German-Language Books (Available from

Brand, M., & Ion, F. K. (2011). Die 16 Lebensmotive in der Praxis: Das Reiss Profile in Training, Coaching und Beratung. (Taschenbuch - September 2011).

Ion, F. K., & Brand, M. (2009). Motivorientiertes Führen: Führen auf Basis der 16 Lebensmotive nach Steven Reiss.

Ion, F. K., & Brand, M. (2008). 30 Minuten für mehr Work-Life-Balance durch die 16 Lebensmotive.

Reiss, S. (2009) Wer bin ich und was will ich wirklich?: Mit dem Reiss-Profile die 16 Lebensmotive erkennen und nutzen.

Reiss, S. (2009). Das Reiss Profile: Die 16 Lebensmotive. Welche Werte und Bedürfnisse unserem Verhalten zugrunde liegen von Steven Reiss.

Reyss. A., & Birkhahn, T. (2009). Kraftquellen des Erfolgs - Das Reiss Profile Praxisbuch. Worauf es im Leben wirklich ankommt und wie Sie die 16 Lebensmotive im Alltag nutzen von Neu kaufen.